Fish Hooks Made of Shell Found in Timorese Cave

The Timor region is a fascinating place to study early humans. At the eastern end of East Timor fish hooks made from shells have been found. They were among bones of more than 2,800 fish.

Jerimalai cave was a home for humans up to 42,000 years ago. The fish hooks were used between 23,000 and 16,000 years before the present. Deep sea pelagic fish were the target food. Tuna bones were abundant.

Professor Sue O'Connor based at the College of Asia and the Pacific at the Australian National University led the research. The varieties of fish identified showed that ancient humans were skilled fishermen. Fishing for tuna is complex even today.
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