Monday, May 30, 2016

The Case of the Hairy Lobster

Biology: Red reef lobster caught in Western Australia.
It is common knowledge that lobsters do not have hair. We all know this. However, hairy lobsters do exist and one has been caught in Western Australia. The red reef lobster is common in the waters of Madagascar, Hawaii, and African countries. Finding it off WA is a real surprise.
Red reef lobster
The fisherman who caught it has never seen anything like it in his life. It seemed to be a prawn, lobster, scampi hybrid. The hairy red is much different from Australian lobsters: it has crab-like claws.

Biologists do not believe that it came all the way from Africa, at least not in recent times. They hold that it has been here all along living and breeding in a localized, remote spot. The one caught probably strayed away from its locality. Obviously, its normal range must be reasonably close. Being elusive, scientists are not going on a hunt. The creature will be left alone.
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HAIRY LOBSTER
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Thursday, May 26, 2016

ISIS Fights on Fenethyline

Invincible soldiers created by chemistry.
It is not a new idea to "fill-up" front line soldiers with drugs when they take on the enemy. Sappers in WWII were told to inject themselves with morphine before advancing to set off mines so infantry who followed could move forward. It was common knowledge that the US turned a blind to marijuana use by its solders during the Vietnam war.
Fenethyline superhuman
ISIS is also into this game. Alcohol is a no-no because the Holy Book specifically says it should not be imbibed. The Koran says that intoxicants are abominations. All drugs are intoxicants. This has not stopped drugs being used by ISIS to make fighters feel superhuman.

Daesh soldiers are being given fenethyline. This is an amphetamine compound and is very cheap. It has not been available in the West since 1980 due to side effects. ISIS makes it and sells it to anyone who wants to buy. The income is used to obtain weapons.

Fenethyline makes one feel invincible. You will keep going for days without sleeping. Your energy is boundless as long as you keep taking it. Even being wounded will not stop you. Pain is numbed. Unlike other drugs it stays in the body for up to 24 hours.
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ISIS TAKES CHEMICAL COURAGE
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Monday, May 23, 2016

Chemical Companies Like Bayer Look for New Herbicides

Chemistry: Weeds are becoming resistant to selective herbicides.
Herbicides have officially been used since 1890, though common salt could have used to kill weeds for possibly a thousand years before. The first selective herbicide was identified in 1940. It later became 2,4-D compound and was released in 1946.  Seventy years later we face the problem of weed resistance to selective chemicals. Western Australia can no longer get significant kill of weeds growing around crops. It is costing farmers a fortune.
Ryegrass weed growing in crops
Project Kangaroo has been initiated. It is managed by Australia’s Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC) and receives assistance from Bayer of Germany. Money from growers is funding it: they are paying $45 million in levies. The Federal Government is promising money. Knowing how government has behaved recently the project might get a dollar!

Wild radish and ryegrass are the main culprits affecting crops. Glyphosphate was used widely to control these weeds. They are not very effective these days. Chemical companies need to take a new tack and work at the molecular, even atomic level, to find ways of killing selective weeds. Nature though is good at overcoming new things in the environment. It is only a matter of time before evolution beats "unique" obstacles set up by Man.
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HARD ON THE RYE
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Friday, May 20, 2016

Scramjet Pushes the Technology Barrier

Technology: Scramjet is tested at Woomera.
Technology never stands still. Mankind progressed very slowly for centuries, but now things move forward at a rapid pace. Air transport could change dramatically in coming decades. The US and Australia are testing a hypersonic rocket that can travel at five times the speed of sound. Because of the angle of liftoff, together with takeoff and landing speeds, you couldn't really enjoy a lunch and drink while sitting in your seat.
Scramjet test at Woomera
Woomera in South Australia is the busy testing site. The project is not aimed at space flight. Passenger travel is the main goal. A journey from London to Sydney is estimated to take two hours. The arduous passage though would mean taking your meal preferably after the flight.

Australia helped develop the scramjet which uses oxygen from the atmosphere for power as the jet rockets upward. Consequently, it does not have to carry heavy and expensive fuel. Tests began in 2009. Norway and Germany are also involved in the project. The target completion date is in 2018.
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SCRAMJET ALMOST PERFECTED
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Monday, May 16, 2016

Complete Genome of the Carrot is Known

Genetics: Identification of the genome of the carrot has just been complete by researchers.
Though the carrot is a mundane vegetable it is important for a rounded, varied diet. Haven't you heard that carrots are good for your eyesight - I bet you have never seen a rabbit wearing glasses have you? Ah well, a little less of the frivolity!
Carrots of many colors
Scientists sequenced the genome of the humble carrot only a week ago. Increasing the level of nutrients in the vegetable is the prime objective. Vitamin A is present in high levels naturally. This does benefit one's eyes. Side issues include disease resistant and greater yields. This does directly improve life for farmers. Overall ,consumers get a better product at a lower price.

Ironically, vegetables have more genes than humans: 32,000 compared to 20,000. It seems that Man is nothing special after all. Plants are more complex than us. Carrots are probably more useful than people to the planet - they don't destroy it.

The vegetable was first recorded as food in Afghanistan a thousand years ago. The original wild carrot was white. Purple and yellow ones are popular in the Middle East and Asia.   Orange carrots were depicted in Spanish and German paintings in the 1500s.
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CARROTS OF COLOR
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Friday, May 13, 2016

People Do Not Choose to Eat Good Food - Health

Health: We know the correct foods to eat but we ignore it.
Understanding good nutrition is very easy. Eat plenty of vegetables in as wide a range as possible. Have meat about every other day. Only eat processed food if you have to for social reasons. That couldn't be simpler could it? However, people are still looking for fad ways to change their body to idealized proportions.
Vegetables for good health
We also know the best way to live our lives but we ignore it. People like the taste of takeaway food and consume it in extreme amounts. Frozen processed meals contain huge amount of added sugar, salt a already processed ingredients. Young people do not buy and prepare fresh vegetables for cooking anymore. Most of us also do not do enough exercise. Many imbibe alcohol while watching a downloaded movie just about every night.

There isn't much doubt that eating copious amounts of tasty food is a pleasant pastime. Food certainly isn't consumed to stay alive. It is an end in itself. There is a price to pay with the burden on the health system increasing every day. Treatment for non-infectious diseases is rapidly rising. Cardiovascular disease, cancer and musculoskeletal problems are becoming "normal". People just accept them as part of life.

Oh, and stay away from bread, potatoes and white rice. They may be good to sustain the poor, but eaten daily they will kill you! Bread and rice have only been around for 10,000 years. This is a very short time. Humans did not evolve to deal with them.
 Technology by Ty Buchanan 
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GOOD FOOD
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Sunday, May 08, 2016

LSD Chemistry is Back

Chemistry: Psychedelic drugs are again in vogue to treat addictions and PTSD.
What goes around comes around. That's how history is. Things that were old become young and "new" to a rising generation. Remember in the 1960s when experimentation with psychedelic was condemned as dangerous? Well now in many Western countries a lot of regulated trials are being done.
Woman takes lsd
It has been found that the drugs are effective in treating addiction of things like alcohol dependency and cigarettes. Those who suffer from anxiety and depression can also benefit. Whether taking psychedelic drugs in addictive in itself is not yet clear.

The most interesting and successful discovery was 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Victims of sexual assault, emergency responders, and police showed amazing results when given MDMA along with intensive psychotherapy. It is hoped that the Federal Drug Administration will enable it to be used by clinicians in 2021. Unfortunately, Australia is backward in coming forward. Politicians here are a bit old hat and live in the past believing that psychedelics are evil.
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A LITTLE LSD ANYONE?
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Wednesday, May 04, 2016

Telstra Discards 50 Percent of Australia's Copper Infrastructure

Technology: Telstra is being dishonest and is treating Australian consumers like fools.
Telstra is doing something that the federal government did not foresee. The telco is only using half of the nation's copper wiring originally laid a century ago. In Australia there are two pairs of telephone wires in the cable laid to each house. This was to enable each house to have two telephone connections. The system worked well with ADSL: each phone could have its separate modem and ADSL service. With the NBN this has all changed.
Telstra lies about the NBN
When the NBN began its roll out it allowed Telstra to set the rules. Telstra chose the rule: ONE PROPERTY ONE NBN CONNECTION. This is fine if you have a detached house. However, if you have a granny flat that has its own phone because the main telephone line has been split at the box on the house, one line will be scrapped and will no longer be used. It will lay dead in the ground forever due to Telstra's policy. Furthermore, if you rent out part of your house, you and your tenant/s will have to share one NBN Internet connection and phone. You can only get a new line laid to the rented section if it is has its own address recognized by your council. The council will of course not allow this because you must have a legitimate entrance for a car approved by council.

Telstra should have been forced by the federal government to use the copper resource. The two positive and two negative wires should be connected together at the node and again where it goes into the home. Twice as much copper would result in a faster NBN network nationwide. Speed and customer satisfaction are the prime objectives for NBNCo, Telstra, the federal government and Australian citizens! The ONE LINE IN policy does not fulfill either of these priorities.

If you have two ADSL connections and phones split from the main cable into your house, do not change to the NBN. You will lose a valuable system that has been available to Australians for over a century. There is no law that forces you to change to the NBN. Stay connected to the ADSL forever and mess up Telstra/Bigpond's plans and operational efficiency. After all, they are trying to improve their operating efficiency by the ludicrous ONE PROPERTY ONE NBN CONNECTION policy. Don't worry about the ADSL speed. New technology is about to be introduced that will raise ADSL to 50mbps. That is faster than Australia's NBN which is below 20mbps in regions outside of major coastal cities. Canberra will get fast NBN, of course, as it is a special inland case - politicians live there.

There is also another issue - Telstra is lying to us. When you phone the telco and ask about the node, you are given an answer that is an absolute lie. You will be told that nodes, where fiber ends, will be situated where each road and street begins. In fact, nodes will be located in the center of regional towns with copper stretching as far as six kilometers away. This will result in very slow Internet speeds.  Australians in rural Australia will get speeds of about 10 mbps. Many are already getting 6 mbps on ADSL.
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THE DECEIT OF TELSTRA
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Sunday, May 01, 2016

Hobbit is Still a Mystery to Anthropologists

Anthropologists say the Hobbit of Flores did exist.
The naysayers have had to accept that the Hobbit discovered on the island of Flores in Indonesia did exist. They survived until about 15,000 years ago. Anthropologists should have taken notice of local folklore. Stories were handed down to the present about tiny "people" raiding food crops at night.

Remains have been closely examined by scientists. It was a tiny version of Australopithecus a human predecessor which lived in Africa from 4.5 million to 2 million years ago. The creature grew to small stature because it was trapped on an island. Short legs made it hard for them to walk but they did nonetheless - large trees do not grow on Flores.
A Human compared to the Hobbit of Flores island in Indonesia
Despite having a small brain Homo floresiensis developed stone tools to a complexity equalled only by humans. Its teeth were closer to human teeth than any other ape-like pre-human. This accounts for its naming as homo rather than Australopithecus.

The real mystery about the Hobbit is how did it get so close to Australia?
There must have been an exodus out of Africa much like the one that occurred to humans. We obviously were not the first upright ape to spread out widely from its source. Anthropologists have recently accepted the hypothesis that Man lived alongside other bipedal apes. The chain-like evolution of the ape family is now in the waste paper bin.
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INTELLIGENT HOBBIT OF FLORES
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Thursday, April 28, 2016

Gold Demand Falls Due to White Teeth

Culture: Gold demand falls with the rise of artificially whitened teeth.
Have you wondered why bystanders interviewed by TV news crews all seem to have terribly bad teeth. The yukky yellow makes it look as thought they have not cleaned their teeth for a year. However, the natural color for teeth is a yellow off-white, not dazzling white.
Gold teeth
Movie stars and nearly all celebrities in the public eye have their teeth artificially whitened. When they choose the shade of white they all obviously choose the brightest white they can get. A great boon for dentists but bad for the mineral industry. The demand for gold for filling teeth has fallen by 60 per cent in the last decade.

Gold "amalgam" is no longer popular. People with gold fillings looked disgusting anyway. The dark color looked too much like tooth decay. New ceramic filling materials in many shaded of white triggered the initial dislike of gold. Whiter than white is the "here to stay" fad.

False teeth could also become a thing of the past as old and young people have teeth implants when the original teeth will not take anymore filling or become diseased. Like the tech industry, culture is changing. People change; tastes change.
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GOLD IS BEAUTIFUL
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